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# Year 6

These are the key skills that each child will be working towards in year 6.

By the end of year 6, children should be able to confidently:

• Locate numbers up to 999,999 on a landmarked line; use this to compare/order numbers.
• Round to ten, a hundred and a thousand, ten thousand or one hundred thousand.
• Read scales with accuracy and confidence
• Add and subtract mentally with confidence – where the numbers are less than 100 or the calculation relies upon simple addition/subtraction and place value. Examples include: 6,723 – 400,  78 + 46, 72 – 46, 8020 + 910, 100 – 64, 5000 + 12,000, etc.
• Add several large numbers using written addition, e.g. 11895

3478

3165

121

18538

• Add several large or decimal numbers using written addition, e.g. 18.9

3.47

11

21.17

• Subtract large numbers using decomposition or counting up, e.g. 1323 – 758
• Subtract decimal numbers using counting up
• Multiply numbers up to 20 by single-digit numbers mentally or using grid method
• Multiply 2-digit numbers by 2-digit or 3-digit numbers using grid method
• Scale up or down by a factor of 2, 5 or 10
• Perform divisions mentally within the range of tables facts using remainders or rounding the answer up or down as appropriate, e.g. 68 ÷ 8 = 8 r4 or 8½  or how many toy spiders can be made if I have 68 legs? (Ans = 8) or how many minibuses each holding 8 children will be needed to transport 68 children? (Ans = 9).
• Divide 3-digit by one-digit numbers using chunking.
• Recognise equivalent fractions, e.g. 4/8 = ½; reduce fractions to their simplest form
• Identify simple fraction/decimal equivalents: ½ = 0.5, ¼ = 0.25, ¾ = 0.75, 1/3 = 0.33, etc.
• Understand that if two numbers less than 1 are multiplied, the answer is smaller than either of them.
• Calculate simple percentages of whole numbers.
• Solve missing number problems.
• Generate and describe linear sequences.
• Use, read and write, and convert between, standard units.
• Measure areas and perimeters; understand that area is a measurement of covering and is measured in square units, and perimeter is a length, measured in cm, m or mm.
• Use 12 and 24 hour clocks; calculate time intervals; use timetables.
• Compare and classify geometric shapes; identify circles and parts of circles.
• Identify positions in the first and fourth quadrants on a co-ordinate grid; reflect and translate shapes.
• Find and interpret the mean (average) of several quantities.

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