These are the key skills that each child will be working towards in Year 5.
By the end of year 5, children should be able to confidently:
- Locate 5 and 6 digit numbers on a landmarked line; use this to compare/order numbers.
- Round to ten, a hundred, a thousand or ten thousand.
- Begin to read scales of different types
- Understand a one-place decimal number as a number of tenths and a two-place decimal number as a number of hundredths.
- Understand the effect of multiplying and dividing by 10 and 100 to give 1-place and 2-place decimal answers. E.g. 4.5 x 10 = 45, and 678 ÷ 100 = 6.78 etc.
- Add or subtract 0.1 or 0.01 to/from any decimal number with confidence, e.g. 5.83 + 0.01 or 4.83 – 0.1
- Add and subtract mentally with confidence – where the numbers are less than 100 or the calculation relies upon simple addition/subtraction and place value. Examples include: 6,723 – 400, 78 + 46, 72 – 46, 8020 + 910, 100 – 64, 5000 + 12,000, etc.
- Confidently add 3- and friendly 4-digit numbers together using a secure written method.
- Subtract larger numbers using expanded column subtraction or by counting up (Frog).
- Begin to subtract decimal numbers using counting up: 6.2 – 3.5
- Know and recite all times tables including division facts.
- Multiply 2- and 3-digit numbers by numbers ≤12 using grid method; multiply 2-digit by 2-digit numbers using grid method.
- Scale up or down by a factor of 2, 5 or 10
- Perform divisions mentally within the range of tables facts using remainders and fractions and decimal equivalences, e.g. 68 ÷ 8 = 8 r4 or 8½ or 8.5
- Divide 2-digit and 3-digit numbers by one-digit numbers above the range of tables using efficient chunking.
- Reduce fractions to their simplest form, including tenths to fifths and hundredths to tenths, e.g. 40/100 = 4/10 = 2/5 which is also 0.4
- Identify simple fraction and decimal equivalents: ½ ≡ 0.5, 0.25 ≡ ¼ and 0.75 ≡ ¾.
- Measure and compare capacities, weights and lengths, including perimeters using SI units; understand the concept of area and count squares to find areas.
- Understand the properties of triangles; find unknown angles in triangles and rectangles.