These are the key skills that each child will be working towards in year 6.
By the end of year 6, children should be able to confidently:
- Locate numbers up to 999,999 on a landmarked line; use this to compare/order numbers.
- Round to ten, a hundred and a thousand, ten thousand or one hundred thousand.
- Read scales with accuracy and confidence
- Add and subtract mentally with confidence – where the numbers are less than 100 or the calculation relies upon simple addition/subtraction and place value. Examples include: 6,723 – 400, 78 + 46, 72 – 46, 8020 + 910, 100 – 64, 5000 + 12,000, etc.
- Add several large numbers using written addition, e.g. 11895
- Add several large or decimal numbers using written addition, e.g. 18.9
- Subtract large numbers using decomposition or counting up, e.g. 1323 – 758
- Subtract decimal numbers using counting up
- Multiply numbers up to 20 by single-digit numbers mentally or using grid method
- Multiply 2-digit numbers by 2-digit or 3-digit numbers using grid method
- Scale up or down by a factor of 2, 5 or 10
- Perform divisions mentally within the range of tables facts using remainders or rounding the answer up or down as appropriate, e.g. 68 ÷ 8 = 8 r4 or 8½ or how many toy spiders can be made if I have 68 legs? (Ans = 8) or how many minibuses each holding 8 children will be needed to transport 68 children? (Ans = 9).
- Divide 3-digit by one-digit numbers using chunking.
- Recognise equivalent fractions, e.g. 4/8 = ½; reduce fractions to their simplest form
- Identify simple fraction/decimal equivalents: ½ = 0.5, ¼ = 0.25, ¾ = 0.75, 1/3 = 0.33, etc.
- Understand that if two numbers less than 1 are multiplied, the answer is smaller than either of them.
- Calculate simple percentages of whole numbers.
- Solve missing number problems.
- Generate and describe linear sequences.
- Use, read and write, and convert between, standard units.
- Measure areas and perimeters; understand that area is a measurement of covering and is measured in square units, and perimeter is a length, measured in cm, m or mm.
- Use 12 and 24 hour clocks; calculate time intervals; use timetables.
- Compare and classify geometric shapes; identify circles and parts of circles.
- Identify positions in the first and fourth quadrants on a co-ordinate grid; reflect and translate shapes.
- Find and interpret the mean (average) of several quantities.